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Eye Doctors Iowa City
Schedule today! (319) 338-9275
Paul W. Hottel, O.D. John W. Weihe, O.D.
Dennis J. Schlader, O.D.    Sheri L. Roggy, O.D.
Jayme N. Wilhelm, O.D. Nicholas J. Olberding, O.D.
Kara E. Heying, O.D.
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eye doctor Iowa City, IA 52240 Paul W. Hottel, O.D.
Designer Sunglasses Iowa City, IA John W. Weihe, O.D.
contact lenses Iowa City, IA 52240 Dennis J. Schlader, O.D.
lasik surgery Iowa City, Iowa Sheri L. Roggy, O.D.
eye doctor Iowa City, IA 52240 Jayme N. Wilhelm, O.D.
eye doctor Iowa City, IA 52240 Nicholas J. Olberding, O.D.
Designer Sunglasses Iowa City, IA Kara E. Heying, O.D.

 
Macular Degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is an eye disease causing clear vision to fail in millions of older People.

When electrical signals from the retina (the inner layer of the eye that captures light and turns it into electrical signal) are received by the brain through the optic nerve, they are translated into images.

 

Age related macular degeneration is traditionally described as a form of the disease which affects individuals over the age of 55 years. However, we have recently discovered that a significant number of these individuals may have a major genetic component that contributes to the disease.

There are 2 types of AMD, dry and wet. Dry AMD is more common, causing about 90% of AMD. It can develop so gradually that in the beginning stages you might not notice changes in vision. Wet AMD is less common (about 10% of cases) but is more severe and may progress more rapidly.


Dry macular degeneration
, in which the cells of the macula slowly begin to break down, is diagnosed in 90 percent of the cases. Yellow deposits called "drusen" form under the retina between the retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE) and Bruch’s membrane, which supports the retina. Drusen deposits are "debris" associated with compromised cell metabolism in the RPE and are often the first sign of macular degeneration. Eventually, there is a deterioration of the macular regions associated with the drusen deposits resulting in a spotty loss of "straight ahead" vision.

Wet macular degeneration occurs when abnormal blood vessels grow behind the macula, then bleed. There is a breakdown in Bruch’s membrane, which usually occurs near drusen deposits. This is where the new blood vessel growth occurs (neovascularization). These vessels are very fragile and leak fluid and blood (hence ‘wet’), resulting in scarring of the macula and the potential for rapid, severe damage. "Straight ahead" vision can become distorted or lost entirely in a short period of time, sometimes within days. Wet macular degeneration accounts for approximately 10% of the cases, however it results in 90% of the legal blindness.

What does macular degeneration do to your vision?
Macular degeneration is the imprecise historical name given to that group of diseases that causes sight-sensing cells in the macular zone of the retina to malfunction or lose function and results in debilitating loss of vital central or detail vision.

What are the Symptoms of Macular Degeneration?
Macular degeneration can cause different symptoms in different people. Sometimes only one eye loses vision while the other eye continues to see well for many years. The condition may be hardly noticeable in its early stages. But when both eyes are affected, reading and close up work can become difficult.

What can you or your loved one do if diagnosed with macular degeneration?
First it is important to modify those environmental risk factors that we know about. You should:
Eat a low-fat, low cholesterol diet.
Wear sunglasses with UV protection.
Try to consume at least two servings of leafy dark green vegetables per day.
Do not smoke and avoid exposure to secondhand smoke.

If you are post-menopausal, you should consult with your physician concerning estrogen replacement therapy. This may have a favorable impact upon cholesterol lipid levels that play a role in worsening the disease.

Develop healthy habits! If you smoke, QUIT SMOKING! Exercising, maintaining normal blood pressure, cholesterol levels and eating a healthy diet is a step in the right direction. Eat food and-or supplements rich in vitamin E,C and Lutein. Lutein is a plant antioxidant found in high quantities in spinach, kale and other dark green, leafy vegetables.

People who eat fish and green leafy vegetables may be at lower risk of AMD. There is no treatment for early dry AMD, although a special combination of supplements (zinc and antioxidant vitamins) may slow progression in some people with more advanced disease. Early intervention for wet AMD can delay progression.

 
   
Coralville Office 1101 5th St, #103 Coralville, IA 52241 Phone: 319-354-5030 Fax: 319-358-5806
Iowa City Office 1018 William Street Iowa City, IA 52240 Phone: (319) 338-9275 Fax: (319) 338-2499
Kalona Office 204 5th Street Kalona, IA 52247 Phone: (319) 656-2420 Fax: (319) 656-3930
North Liberty Office 555 West Cherry Street #2 North Liberty, IA 52317 Phone: 319-626-3937 Fax: 319-626-3938
West Liberty Office 121 E. 3rd Street West Liberty, IA 52776 Phone: (319) 627-4755 Fax: (319) 627-4755
Williamsburg Office 407 Court Street Williamsburg, IA 52361 Phone: (319) 668-2471 Fax: (319) 668-2471

The eye associates of Iowa city proudly serves the city of Iowa City and the sorrounding towns of Oakdale, Coralville Hills, Tiffin, North Liberty, Oxford, Solon, Riverside, Lone Tree, West Branch, Kalona, West Liberty.

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